Binti Abu Bakar, Nur Najihah

PhD student Nur Najihah Binti Abu Bakar

PROJECT TITLE: Energy efficiency Optimization at Seaport by Integrating Microgrid Control Strategies

PhD period: 2020.12.07 – 2023.12.06.
Section: Power Electronic Systems
Research Programme: Microgrids
Supervisor: Josep M. Guerrero
Co-Supervisor: Juan Carlos Vasquez
Contact Information

Funding: UNIMAP, KPT 


World demanding marine transportation enhance maritime port to optimize their performance as well as to secure an effective way for energy operation. Port has evolved into numerous activities and expended the infrastructure over the year to meet the seaport’s demand. It cause to a few major issue where there are insufficient power supply to drive the port’s operation and heavy reliance on the power from the national grid is very costly. The requirement for restructure and retrofitting involved with a lot of capital investment. Besides, abundance consumption of fossil fuel trigger to serious climate change along with adverse health. Response to this situation, the authorities made a tight regulation to limit the GHG emission. It can be conclude that, energy, environment and cost are the three main concern in seaport that need to resolve. To satisfy the economical, energy balance and zero emission’s seaport system, the use of innovative technology appears as a vital conduit. Nowadays, integrating renewable energy, seaport microgrid, cold ironing and All Electric Ship (AES), has been viewed as a feasible route. Microgrid as a well-known system that integrated with harnessing renewable energy sources and alternative fuels (e.g. LNG, hydrogen, biofuel) become the essential step to the future ‘green port’. However, the use of these technologies is still new for port industrial and facing many technical challenges. In this project, a few strategy such as seaport microgrid, cold ironing, All Electric Ship (AES) and integration clean energy sources will be analyze as a part of seaport’s Energy Management System (EMS) to achieve energy efficiency optimization. MATLAB Simulink will be a medium for the analysis. The outcome of this project is expected to solve the main issues highlighted (cost, environment, and energy) for the better marine sector.

Figure for abstract


Publications in journals and conference papers may be found at VBN.